Common Knee Conditions
Arthritis (Osteoarthritis) of the Knee
Arthritis of the knee is joint inflammation, which causes stiffness, swelling, and pain. In early stages, arthritis is often treated with non-invasive methods. However, severe arthritis of the knee will require surgical intervention.
There are several procedures available to treat arthritis, including arthroscopy, cartilage grafting, and ultimately a total knee replacement. Our physicians will develop a custom treatment plan to address your arthritis.
For a highly successful surgery and the best results, knee replacements and other knee-related surgeries should be performed with robotic assistance, as we do here at INOV8 Orthopedics in Houston. Computer-assisted devices are essentially specialized instruments and software that help guide surgeons with ultimate precision during component implantation.
Many knee dislocations can be treated with non-surgical interventions. However, severe injuries will require surgical treatment. Depending on the nature of your knee dislocation, our physician may recommend either arthroscopic surgery or reconstruction. A total knee reconstruction is necessary if arthroscopic surgery was unsuccessful or severe tissue damage is present.
The menisci are two c-shaped pieces of cartilage in your knee joint that serve as shock absorbers and also keep your knee stable. The menisci can tear, especially when engaging in rigorous activity.
Meniscal tear repair is performed arthroscopically at our renowned orthopedic practice in Houston. Our surgeon will make small incisions and insert the arthroscopic equipment. They will then stitch the torn section of the meniscus back together.
A tear in the patellar tendon is a serious injury that requires prompt attention to fix mobility and prevent complications such as scarring or shortening of the tendon.
During this procedure, our surgeons will drill small holes in the kneecap and reattach the tendon to the kneecap using traditional sutures. If you are eligible, suture anchors may be used instead. These anchors allow our team to reattach the tendon without drilling holes in the kneecap.
Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries
At INOV8 Orthopedics, we can also diagnose and treat medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries. These injuries may include a sprain or tear to the MCL.
While many MCL injuries can be treated with non-surgical interventions such as rest or the use of a brace, severe tears will require surgery. Repairing the MCL is accomplished through reconstructive surgery in which the ligament is replaced with grafted material such as tendon from a cadaver.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) plays an essential role in normal knee function. When it is overstretched or torn, you will experience pain, poor range of motion, and instability.
PCL injuries are diagnosed with a physical examination and advanced digital imaging. If your PCL is torn, it will likely require reconstructive surgery. During this procedure, our surgeon will rebuild the torn PCL to restore function and reduce pain.